The airplane that disappeared and was never found

It  was already night when the passengers and crew of the Boeing 777-200ER of the fleet of Malaysia Airlines entered the plane. The pilots started the engines and started taxiing towards the runway to get to Beijing Capital Airport the next day.

Everything went smoothly, at least there were no problems reported. The plane took off. Soon it was above the South China Sea. An hour after take off, at a bit after one o’clock there was no contact anymore and two minutes after that the plane disappeared from radar. And then— no one knows what happened after that. The air traffic control saw immediately that something was wrong with Malaysia Airlines flight 370. But because it was very early in the morning and it was dark the search for the plane began just after dawn. The search for the plane was very big. Many nations searched for the wreckage. It soon became a high cost search, in fact in the end it was the most expensive aviation search history. The South China Sea has a surface area of about 3.5 million squared kilometers. By itself skimming every bit of the South China Sea is a lot of work, but they also skimmed the Gulf of Thailand, the Strait of Malacca and the Andaman Sea.

Analysis of satellite communicationsbetween the aircraft and Inmarsat’s satellite communications network concluded that the flight continued until at least 08:19 and flew south into the southern Indian Ocean, although the precise location cannot be determined. Australia assumed charge of the search on 17 March, when the search effort began to emphasize the southern Indian Ocean. On 24 March, the Malaysian government noted that the final location determined by the satellite communication was far from any possible landing sites, and concluded that “Flight MH370 ended in the southern Indian Ocean.” From October 2014 to January 2017, a comprehensive survey of 120,000 squared kilometers or about 46000 squared miles of sea floor about 1,800 km or about 1,100 miles southwest of a place called Perth, located in the west of Australia, yielded no evidence of the aircraft.

A couple of  pieces of  debris from the ocean was found on the coast of Africa and on Indian Ocean islands off the coast of Africa—the first pieces were  discovered on 29 July 2015 on Reunion. That is about a year after the presumed crash. The pieces have all been probably pieces of Flight 370. A big part of the aircraft was never found, causingmany theories about what happened to pop up. Some suggest that the plane was hijacked, some suggest that it was burned and some suggest that the plane did not even crash and was to land on a secret island. There are even theories that state the plane ended up in a black hole. None of these theories are actually confirmed. Nobody really knows what happened to that flight. A little bit debris was found on the coast of Africa and islands in the Indian Ocean.

I think that all the money used to search for the wreckage on the South China Sea could have been used more efficiently to search the Indian Ocean instead. I think that stopping the search for the plane was a wrong thing to do because that way the problem will not be solved. Searching for the wreckage and solving the problem is an investment, if you can prevent it from happening again because of that reason then in the future you will safe a lot of money and perhaps more important, reputation.

Although I can not be very certain, I think that the theory stating that the plane was hijacked and landed somewhere else is the most probable because when an airplane  at relatively high speed crashes in a body of water, the water acts like a massive body of concrete. A plane crashing in a massive body of concrete tears in thousands or perhaps millions of pieces. If that was the case, there would have been more debris stranded on the shores of the islands in the Indian Ocean and the shores of Africa.

Here you can read more about what happened to the airplane on Wikipedia

or copy and paste the following link:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_370

Drone smuggled into prison in Curaçao

When someone does something that is not legal and the police sees that (s)he gets arrested, will get a warning or (s)he will be fined. Assuming (s)he gets arrested, the judge then decides what the punishment will be, or will not be. If the judge decides that the person will form a hazard to society and if the person does not live in countries with the death sentence, then the punishment can at most only be a lifetime prison sentence. There are a lot of people in prison in the world. As of 2016, there are over 2.3 million inmates in the USA alone. Prisons have four major different purposes. These purposes are retribution, incapacitation, deterrence and rehabilitation.

Retribution means punishment for crimes against society. Depriving criminals of their freedom is a way of making them pay a debt to society for their crimes. Incapacitation refers to the removal of criminals from society so that they can no longer harm innocent people. Deterrence means the prevention of future crime. It is hoped that prisons provide warnings to people thinking about commiting crimes, and that the possibility of going to prison will discourage people from breaking the law. Rehabilitation refers to activities designed to change criminals into law abiding citizens, and may include providing educational courses in prison, teaching job skills and offering counselling with a psychologist or social worker. 

When drugs and phones are smuggled into the prison by drones, then all the four major purposes are sabotaged. The prisoner playing games on a phone will not be justified as much as a prisoner who does not have a mobile phone.  The second purpose, incapacitation will also be sabotaged when the prisoner has a phone. The prisoner can then call all his criminal friends to do his crimes for him. The third purpose also known as deterrence, is intended to stop inmates from doing crime after their sentence expires. This too will be less effective, as the criminal will not learn his or her lesson (as much). Considering the fourth purposes that too will not be very effective because drug users tend to have  often many mental illnesses. 

I think that prisons are very important for a safe society and that this is totally unacceptable. This could have been solved by installing anti-drone systems, or by checking the bedrooms of the prisoners more often and more thoroughly. I also think it is strange that the prisons do not communicate with each other as much as they should because then they can solve this problem and many other problems as well.

You can read more about prisons here

or if the hyperlink does not work copy and paste the following link:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prison

You can read about what happened to the prison in Curaçao here .

China Airlines flight 120

It was a sunny day in Dayuan, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Airport workers had fueled the plane and the pilots were ready to enter the Boeing 737 to fly it to Naha Airport, Japan. The rest of the crew and the passengers arrived later. After some time when all the passengers were present and all the luggage was loaded in the pilots began taxiing the airplane to the runway. The plane rook off without having any problems or showing any abnormalities. The plane began heading towards Naha Airport. It was not a very long flight as it took only a couple of hours. The pilots prepared the plane for landing as the plane was nearly there. The descent and the landing went very smooth. There were still no abnormalities spotted by the pilots or the airport workers.

Everything went well and the pilots were taxiing the plane towards a parking place in Naha Airport. The pilots turned off the plane and waited for every passenger to leave the aircraft first. Everything was still normal, pilots are supposed to wait for the passengers go leave first. Suddenly the passengers saw the wings bursting into flames before they left. The passengers were evacuated very fast thanks to the fast and professional work by the flight attendants. The pilots also evacuated. One of the two pilots evacuated by climbing off a rope. The other one tried to do that too, but he fell on the ground while trying it because of an explosion. A flight attendant was also trying to leave but at the moment of the explosion the flight attendant fell on her face. She survived to tell the tale though. Four people in total were injured. Two were sent to a hospital to check if they are okay. The luggages of all the passengers burned with the wreckage. The passengers got a compensation of up to a couple of hundred Dollars. Apart from the fact that China Airlines lost a valuable plane from its fleet, the accident itself did not have much impact on China Airlines at all. China Airlines even continued to use the flight number ‘120’. Which is unusual after an accident.

Because the accident could have ended up dramatically there was an elaborate investigation. The investigators spoke with the airport workers, the pilots and listened to the audio recordings from the black boxes. They did not see anything abnormal. So their conclusion was that the plane did not have any problems, at least not until it touched down, started taxiing and then caught fire. After further investigation the investigators concluded that a small bolt of a couple of centimeters in diameter had punctured the kerosene tanks and had let kerosene to leak on the glowing engines. The bolt came from the right wing. Fire needs three things to burn: fuel, heat and oxygen. The fuel was the kerosene the heat was from the glowing engines and the oxygen was from the air. The fire spread to the whole plane. After the fire was extinguished by the fire brigade the plane was completely destroyed; the Boeing 737 was in half a dozen pieces.

It’s true, nobody died. The pilots, crew, airport workers and flight attendants had a lot of luck. If the bolt had fallen of the wing during takeoff, then somebody would have died almost certainly. Many planes caught fire during takeoff. Some during takeoff, some in mid air and some during landing. Especially when planes catch fire during takeoff and landing the crashes which often occur tend to be deadlier. Although nobody died, it is necessary to solve the problems before they cause fatal accidents. 

The passengers must have thought that they had arrived safely without any problems and that they were as safe from the dangers of flying as they could be. But no, they weren’t as safe from the dangers of flying as they could be. On the contrary, they were going to be in some serious danger.

I think that it is really remarkable how well and professional the crew of the plane acted. If they did not, then maybe China Airlines Flight 120 would have been a fatal one. I also think that this crash symbolizes the fact that something very small can have very big influence.

If you want to, here you can read about this accident on Wikipedia.

Tuninter Flight 1153


It was a sunny day in Bari, Italy. Airport workers were fueling an ATR-72-202. The ATR was scheduled to fly to to Djerba-Zarzis Airportin Djerba, Tunisia later that day. The 45-year-old Captain Chafik Al Gharbi (شفيقالغربي), a skilled and experienced pilot with a total of 7,182 flight hours came. The co-pilot, 28-year-old Ali Kebaier Al-Aswad (عليكبيّرالأسود) arrived a bit later. The co-pilot had logged 2,431 flight hours. Both the captain and co-pilot were well-acquainted with the ATR 72, having accrued 5,582 hours and 2,130 hours in it, respectively. After the pilots entered then the attendants and passengers also arrived. Shortly after that the plane took off without  having any problems heading towards Djerba. The plane was was halfway to Djerba-Zarzis Airport and in the middle of the Mediterranean sea when the right engine suddenly stopped working. A little bit after the right engine stopped, the left engine also stopped working. The fuel gauge indicated that there was more than enough fuel for the flight. The pilots did not understand the reason for the engines shutting off. They were utterly bewildered. The co-pilot repeatedly tried to make the engines to go running again without success. Then there was silence in the passengers cabin because the engines stopped spinning and nobody said anything. The silence continued for over 16 minutes before the plane crashed into the water like a very big piece of aluminum crashes into concrete at high speed. The last moments the pilots were praying. The investigators found that not a very professional thing to do. At impact the plane broke into three pieces. 16 out of the 39 people aboard the plane did not survive the crash. Many of the passengers did not listen to the useful advice of the flight attendants. They had already blown up their life jackets before they even got out of the plane. The problem with blowing your life jacket before you leave the airplane is that you can get stuck while leaving the wreckage. Some of the passengers died just because they had had their life jackets blown by themselves or by someone else before the crash. The flight attendants tried to stop the passengers the passengers from inflating their life jackets. Some panicked and did not listen. The survivors grasped the wings and the middle piece of what once was the fuselage because they were the only large things left from the ATR-72 that actually floated and could be grasped by the survivors of the crash.

The investigators immediately asked themselves that if the plane’s tanks were really still full, why then did the wing float and not sink (the kerosene tanks in the ATR-72 are located in its wings). That did not per se mean anything; the pilots could have dropped the kerosene just before the crash to minimize impact. Because the tanks were ‘full’ and both of the engines stopped they first began to analyze the quality of the kerosene at Bari International Airport, where the plane was fueled. They also analyzed the quality of the kerosene of the airports where the airplane had been fueled previously. The kerosene at all of the airports was good. The quality of the kerosene was not the cause. After that they began to look at the maintenance done to the plane. They saw that the evening before the flight the fuel quantity indicator (short for FQI) replaced. They brought the wreckage on land. They searched for the FQI and they found it somewhere. After further inspection of the FQI it turned out that the FQI was made not for the ATR-72, but for the smaller version of the ATR-72, the ATR-42. Apparently the FQI of the ATR-42 showed a different value with the same amount of fuel than the FQI of the ATR-72. That means that the Airport workers fueled the plane with an inadequate amount of for the flight to Tunisia.

The pilots used their precious time to try to restart the engine instead of navigating the airplane to Palermo. If they had not closed their eyes and prayed to stay alive, they could have tried to make the impact less fatal. If they only were able to decrease the number of fatalities by one, then there would not only be one less family mourning, there would also be one less victim in aviation.

I think that it must have been a really bad experience for all of the 23 survivors because first they crashed, then saw other people drown and then they had to wait 46 minutes in the high saline Mediterranean sea with a lot of open wounds for help from patrol boats from Palermo, Sicily. I also think it is kind of strange that the FQI of the smaller ATR-42 fitted perfectly without any problems into the ATR-72. You could not differentiate between the two if you only looked at the size and shape of them.

Here you can read about the crash of this plane on Wikipedia.

Helios Airways Flight 522

It was a normal day in London. The pilots and the passenger had woken up very early in the morning to get ready for the flight to Larnaca, Cyprus from London, England. During the flight the crew saw that the Boeing 737’s door seals had frozen. There were also strange noises coming from the right aft service door. They did what they were supposed to so; they reported it and requested a full inspection of the door. There came a full inspection as was requested. The inspection was carried out by a ground engineer who worked at Larnaca Airport. The engineer then performed a pressurization leak check. He did not fly the plane or start the engines. To do a pressurization leak check you need to switch the pressurization system to ‘manual’. He also did that. He did not however switch the system back ‘to automatic’. The ground engineer did not find any abnormalities so he just approved the plane. The Boeing went into service. A new crew came. The new crew did the pre-flight procedure, the after-start check, and the after take-off check. During all of these procedures and checks neither of the pilots saw that the small button was switched to ‘manual’. The pressurization system was still switched to ‘manual when the plane took off heading towards Athens International Airport at nine o’clock. The aft outflow valve was left partially open. As the airplane climbed the air became thinner and thinner. At 12,040 feet the cabin altitude alarm sounded because the air pressure was so low. Someway the crew made the mistake of thinking that the alarm was from the take-off configuration warning. Which is strange because that alarm can only sound when the plane is on the ground. The plane was still climbing. It had an altitude of 18,000 feet. At that point the oxygen masks in the passenger cabin automatically deployed. Then the pilots contacted the same ground engineer that that switched the pressurization system to ‘manual’. The pilots reported seeing issues like
“the take-off configuration warning on” and “cooling equipment normal and alternate off line”. The ground engineer responded to that by asking: “Can you confirm that the pressurization panel is set to AUTO?”

The captain was experiencing the onset of hypoxia’s initial and disregarded the question and instead asked in reply, “Where are my equipment cooling circuit breakers?”. Hypoxia is a condition in which the body does not get enough oxygen. It dramatically affects performance. A person who gets hypoxia will after a couple of minutes will lose consciousness and a little bit after that that person will eventually pass away. Hypoxia often occurs at high altitudes. That is why on high mountains people need oxygen tanks.
After that there was no communication with the aircraft anymore.
The pilots did not know that that was the last contact they would make with anyone outside the plane. After a couple of minutes the pilots became unconscious and the plane kept climbing to flight level 340 about the same as 34,000 feet. The plane remained in the holding pattern under the control of the autopilot for the next 70 minutes until its fuel ran out. Before its fuel ran out the air traffic control tried to make contact, but was unable to actually do so. The air traffic control got so worried that they called two F-16 fighter aircraft from The Hellenic Air Force to come. The Hellenic Air force belongs to Greece. The reason that the Hellenic Air Forces were activated and not the forces from Cyprus for example was that the airplane was flying in greek airspace.

They intercepted the passenger jet and observed that the first officer was slumped motionless at the controls and the captain’s seat was empty. They also reported that oxygen masks were dangling in the passenger cabin.
Seven minutes later flight attendant Andreas Prodromou entered the cockpit and sat down in the captain’s seat, having remained conscious by using a portable oxygen supply. Prodromou held a UK Commercial Pilot Licence,but was not qualified to fly the Boeing 737. Crash investigators concluded that Prodromou’s experience was insufficient for him to be able to gain control of the aircraft under the circumstances. Prodromou waved at the F16s very briefly, but almost as soon as he entered the cockpit, the left engine turned off due to fuel exhaustion and the plane left the holding pattern and started to descend. Ten minutes after the loss of power from the left engine, the right engine also turned off and five minutes after that the aircraft crashed into hills near Grammatiko, 40 km (about 25 mi) from Athens, killing all 121 passengers and crew on board. The young flight attendant had not succeeded to save the plane and the people aboard.

The crew that flew from London requested that inspection because they were worried about the potential safety consequences of that. If they did not request the inspection, then probably the next crew and passengers would not crash and die as a result of it.
The crash left a legacy. The training of the pilots became more elaborate in what to do in such situation and there came a digital procedure so that the pilots do not overlook anything.

I think that it is strange that the pilots failed to notice that the pressurization system was on ‘manual’ because ‘turn the pressurization to ‘auto’ was on all three lists. I also think its strange that although the pilots had oxygen masks they were suffering of hypoxia.

You can read about the crash on Wikipedia here.

You can read about the crash on The Guardian here.

Body falls one meter apart from a sunbathing man

When the weather is hot then you can just sit in your house, go to the beach or go sunbathing in your garden. Many people who go sunbathing in their gardens do it mainly because their garden is their own private place. What can go wrong in a warm day when you are sunbathing in your own private place? That is probably what the sunbathing man in London asked himself when he was in his garden in July, 2019.

It was a sunny, hot  day in London and someone was enjoying the sun and having a good time, at least until  someone fell from the sky one meter next to him. What seemed to be a nice day probably resulted in a trauma for the sunbathing man. The neighbor of the probably traumatized sunbathing man reported that he was downstairs and heard a loud sound. He went upstairs, drew the curtains and he saw someone lying on the ground with ‘all his clothes on and everything’. The neighbor also reported that his head was in a bad way and that there was blood on the walls. The neighbor went outside  and immediately after he came out, his bloody neighbor also came out shaking. Now I’m pretty sure that he actually did get traumatized. Soon after the accident the body was taken away leaving only a trauma and a broken sidewalk to the sunbathing man.

 After some research it was found that the man was a stowaway trying to get to london from Nairobi Airport, Kenya. He apparently wanted to go to London so much that he was ready to sit in the small space in the landing gear. The good news is that he did succeed to reach London like he wanted to and the bad bad news is that he did not survive it. He was a little bit prepared; he had brought water, food and a blanket. The blanket was apparently not warm enough because he was also frozen. Outside the plane temperatures can drop to minus 51 degrees centigrade.  Assuming the plane was beginning its descent, the altitude he fell from was about 30,000 feet. It took him more than two minutes to fall to the ground. The man from Kenya fell on a sideway made of stone. The sideway made of concrete shattered to a lot of pieces. The neighbor of the sunbathing man said that if the landing gear was opened two seconds later, then the body would have fallen on a big crowd of people.  If the pilots had extended the wheels of the airplane two seconds later and the body would have fallen on o huge crowd, then there would be a couple of fatalities because of the crash and there would be a lot of panic. Panic in these kinds of situations tends to be way more lethal.

Heathrow Airport has responded and it said that this happens ‘once in the five years’. That means each five years a stowaway falls from the landing gear. And that is considered normal?

The last time someone fell from a Heathrow flight from a landing gear was in 2012  that person had been a stowaway too.

However new evidence suggests that the man who fell from the landing gear was not a stowaway after all. After a further investigation the investigators came to the conclusion that the dead man was very likely an airport worker working in Nairobi Airport. The reason the investigators said this was that that dead person had access to strictly restricted and regulated airport areas. Or he was a very smart stowaway knowing how to get access to such areas or he was an airport worker doing his job. I think that the first one is likelier because if he had been that smart then he would have done something better against the cold temperatures. If he had been a airport worker which I consider very much likelier, then the first question I would ask is why?

If he had been an airport worker and had access to such restricted areas and working there, how could he not have known that it will get so cold if he was so specialized?

Here you can read an article on a news website.

How a good night’s sleep improves safety

Every animal does it and some more than others. When a human gets 75 years old, then that human will have slept about 25 years of his or her life. Sleep does not only refresh, it also has a lot of vital uses. Too less sleep on the long term demolishes your immune system, it doubles your risk of of cancer and plays a key role in wether you will get Alzheimer’s disease or not. In the short term it decreases concentration, attention and the ability to make good decisions fast. Two thirds of the adults in well-developed nation have less than 8 hours of sleep a day, the recommended amount. What fatigue means for a employee could differentiate substantially. Fatigue for a pilot who flies everyday with a full schedule is often more dangerous than it is for a painter who paints a painting. Pilot fatigue is the cause of 4 to 8 percent of all crashes. Pilot fatigue happens when the pilot is simply tired. The primary causes of pilot fatigue are a too full schedule and a sleepless night. A scenario could be that the plane’s engines stop. What should the pilot do? How can that pilot make a decision in that life and death situation when the pilot can barely keep his or her eyes open? Enough about jobs let’s talk about genetics. There is a small group of people from the same gene pool that can function normally like any other healthy person with just 7 hours of sleep daily. More people have a gene that causes them to need more than 8 hours of sleep daily than the other gene. Someone who needs more than 8 hours of sleep daily to function properly will have a  really hard time being a pilot as the working hours of a pilot can reach a staggering 14 hours a day. Sleep is underestimated and so are the dangers caused by having a too small portion of it.  I think that sleep needs to be prioritized by the employers or if necessary by the government. 

The crash that put a stop to the first supersonic commercially plane


Over a century ago in the December of 1903, the first powered airplane took off. It was made by Wilbur and Orville Wright. Also known as the Wright  brothers. The first airplane  was named ‘kitty hawk’ by the Wright brothers and it did not look like any modern airplane made by Boeing or Airbus nowadays. It had a top speed of 48 kilometers per hour, a range of 300 meters  and a carrying capacity of one passenger. In comparison the Boeing 777X has a  top speed of over 1000 kilometers per hour, a range of over 16,000,000 meters and a carrying capacity of 365 passengers. It flies close to the speed of sound, but if it flies normally then it can not break the speed of sound. The first plane to go the speed of sound was the Bell x-1 manufactured by Bell. That was in 1946. The first commercial plane to break the sound barrier was the Concorde, but what the manufacturers did not know was that it was also the last one. Sixteen Concordes were build in total, but only 14 of them actually came in to service for the airlines Air France and British Airways, the manufacturers of the Concorde. At the time of the Concorde it was something really special and it still is. The Concorde yielded British Airways a revenue of 1.75 billion Pounds. The cost were 1 billion Pounds. That’s  a 750 million Pounds profit only for British Airways. The profits were massive. Why did the Concorde end? Why were all the flights canceled? The reason is ‘just’ one crash of a Concorde in France. The first commercial supersonic aircraft came to an end because of Air France Flight 4590.

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Cycling while messaging is prohibited in The Netherlands


Today it became officially illegal to cycle when you are messaging if you live in The Netherlands.

Smartphones are not new, they are 25 years old and the safety threat isn’t either. I think that it is a little bit strange that it took 25 years before the government actually did something against it. Children under twelve get a warning whereas adults risk a fine of over a hundred U.S.D. 

Medical helicopter needs to change its route because of drone

In Enschede, The Netherlands a medical helicopter changed its route because of a drone. The medical helicopter with someone in a life threatening situation was flying to the local hospital when suddenly a large drone appeared out of nowhere. The drone was flying in a drone prohibited area around the hospital. The helicopter did not collide with the drone, but an accident was very close. In The Netherlands there are a lof of other areas where flying a drone is not legal like near airports, above highways and certain natural parks. To make sure this does not happen again and no people die because they did not receive medical attention on time, the government could do several things. Here are some examples of what the government can do to prevent drones from getting any near to (medical) helicopters: 1 the government can give longer prison sentences to the ones who neglect the law and thus safety. 2 the government could install systems on the medical helicopter which would demolish the GPS of the drone when the drone gets let’s say in a radius of 15 meters near the helicopter. A similar system is used in the airplanes of presidents, but the difference is that the system defends against missiles. So why not use a anti drone system to protect the people who are extra vulnerable?

Why sticking your head out of a car’s window could end up being lethal

Many people nowadays ride cars—in all countries and on all continents. This of course brings some hazards with them, but I am not going to talk about car accidents, but about sticking your head out of a window of a car. To understand the magnitude of this problem we must consider how many times this happens.

Unfortunately people doing this is not uncommon, many people do it, some more than others. The reason why people do this can vary: it could be to get some fresh air, but it also could be to see the landscape better for example. But not only humans do it, if you ever saw the program of Scooby-Doo then you have probably seen the dog sticking his head out of the minivan, so animals can do it as well. So it is rather encouraged than discouraged in popular television series—even for children. You can do it  many times, at least until you hit a lamppost and die. Some  people would think that that would not happen. It does happen, however the chance is very small, very small, but not neglible. A man died exactly that way, by hitting his head to a lamppost during a car ride.  Every risk small or big is too much. The remedy for this kind of safety fail is being more cautious and not doing that—for your own safety. 

Why 2018 was a very bad year to fly in

Each year billions of passengers from all over the world use the airplane. That number only seems to increase in the future. There are high safety standards such as good training and a certificate for your airline needed before you can fly an airplane. Such standards do not prevent airplanes from getting exposed to an excess of risks. If there are risks, then crashes in general are inevitable disregarding the size of the risk.

And because there is an alternating amount of risk the crashes decrease as well. Because of the alternation in the crashes, some periods are safer to fly in than others. The difference between periods can be negligible, but also great. For example in the year 2017, 19 people died in airplane crashes, but in 2018, 523 people died in crashes. 

Why did this happen? The planes in 2017 had been less developed, had older updates and had less experienced crew than the society in 2018, then why did this number of deaths rise at all and why that much in just a year? The high death toll was caused by the high number of accidents, now we know how, but not why. To answer why we must search deeper. The cause of the crashes were mostly humanitarian. It is remarkable that the death toll increased that much— in just a year. The leading causes are that the people are being less and less cautious. Safety depends for a great part on wether you are paying attention or not. This is not only true for aircrafts, but it is also true for about every other thing. 

About 21 percent of the deaths caused by traffic accidents on the USA are caused by the driver lacking attention to the road. If you want to drive safe, then giving more attention to the road is more effective than buying another car with one more airbag. I think that people should be more aware of the fact that by giving more attention to safety, they improve safety more than they would by buying a similar, but (slightly) safer product.

Cinema plays horror film for children Montreal

It was a nice day in Montreal, Quebec, Canada and the children were very eager to watch the new Pokemon film, Detective Pikachu. When the film started, the projector showed the bloody horror film La Llorana instead of the funny and especially child friendly film Detective Pikachu. The once eager children were now crying—and thats understandable because the Pikachu film is rated for children older than 3 years old, while the horror film is rated all the way from 12+ to 18+, depending on the country you live in. The average is around 15+, but in Montreal the rating is surprisingly low—only 13+. The employees of the cinema were too late to prevent the children from a traumatic experience. Although the employees stopped the film midway and moved the visitors to another room, the problem was surely not solved that way. This situation could have been prevented by double checking the film and controlling the age of the customers at the door of the room where the movie is played. In my point of view, I think that these kind of situations only could happen as a cause of too little attention of the cinema’s crew and it can be controlled better by giving such cinemas a big fine.

The crash that almost detonated two nuclear warheads

It was January the 24th, 1961 in Goldsboro, North Carolina. Above the inhabitants of Goldsboro a plane was flying that was carrying two atomic bombs. Suddenly the plane broke in the sky. The pilot ordered his crew to eject at 2,700 meters. Some did manage to escape the doomed plane, but some did not. Three people died in the end. Two died as a cause of not being able to eject and the other one did not survive the ejection. The warheads however did not leave the airplane, at least not until impact. The one bomb that was found had 4 safety switches and only one was off. If that one had not been off, it would have detonated for sure. What happened with the other one? Nobody knows because it was never found again. I think we can all agree upon the fact that this situation could have ended in a disaster. This potential disaster could have been prevented in multiple ways, here are some of them: option 1: making sure all the detonators of the warhead are on the safe mode and/or option 2: transporting the detonators separately in order to make sure that they do not explode.